Fix Issue With Qemu, Try Passing Init Parameter To Kernel

You may see an error message that qemu is trying to pass an initialization parameter to the kernel. There are several steps you can take to resolve this issue. We will return to this shortly.

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    Runtime /initKernel failed, abort - out of sync: initialization not found.Try the init=option kernel statement.

    qemu try passing init option to kernel

    qemu-system-x86_64 -hda disk.img -kernel /home/marssonubuntu/linux_qemu/linux-3.3.3/arch/x86/boot/bzImage -initrd my-initramfs.cpio "root=/dev /sda -add rdinit=/sbin/init"
    Runtime error /sbin/init Kernel fear - out of sync: initialization not found.Try passing the init= parameter to the actual kernel. see Linux Documentation/init.txt for instructions.Pid: 1, Comm: or without baffle coil 3.3.3 #1Call tracking:[] Panic+0xa9/0x197[]? init_post+0xb2/0xb2[]? Kernel_init+0xff/0xff[]! ! ! kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10[]? do_one_initcall+0x121/0x121[] Gs_change+0xb/0xb

    ?

    I’m just beginning to understand how the kernel works and internals, and I’m trying to build and boot the kernel first.

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  • I’m following this article (but it’s also armed): http://www.kaizou.org/2016/09/boot-minimal-linux-qemu/

    qemu try passing init option to kernel

    cd Kernel_4.9Create x86_64-defconfigdo return -j8

    this is my bzImage. Now I have developed a fake inramfs with only Hello World as the executable. This is init.c:

    #include   Empty function()    printf("A little hello - World...n");    pendant (1);
    gcc -static init.c -o initchmod +x initializationecho initialization | cpio -i --format=newc Initramfs
    qemu-system-x86_64 > -kernel ~/data/linux/arch/x86/boot/bzImage -add 'console=ttyS0' -serial stdio -initrd ~/data/linux/arch/x86/boot /initramfs
    [1.158556] Read-only as body text: 8528k[specific specific .158842] read-only critical kernel information: 2396k read-only[1.163684] /init failed (error -2)[ 1.163973] Kernel issue - out of sync: No working initialization found. Try passing the init= capability to the kernel. See Linux Documentation/init.txt for instructions.[1.164026] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Swapper/0 comm: Intact 4.9.0 #3[1.164026] QEMU Hardware Name: Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 Jan 4, 2014[1.164026] c78a5f78 c12dd8e4 c184c900 C78a5f98 00000000 c110d8a0 c19b465c c1c400a0[1.164026] c19a5f8c c184c930 00000000 00000000 c78a5fac c184ca18 c19a5fd8 c19a5bc1[1.164026] ffffffe 00000000 c1851537 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000[1.164026] track:[Go to 1.164026] Dump_stack+0x47/0x63[[] 1.164026]? [] rest_init+0x30/0x60[ 1.164026] [] Panic+0x93/0x1bc[ 1.164026] []? rest_init+0x60/0x60[ 1.164026] [] Kernel_init+0xe8/0x100[ 1.164026] [] ret_from_fork+0x1b/0x28[1.164026] Core offset: fromkey[ 1.164026] ---[ finalize Kernel Panic Not - Syncing: functional initialization not found. Try passing the init= parameter to the kernel. See the Linux documentation/init.txt for instructions.
    Error initializing module: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/qemu/block-iscsi.soNote. You can only load modules of the same version.Module direct initialization error: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/qemu/block-curl.soNote. The same version can only be loaded from web template modules.Failed to initialize module: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/qemu/block-rbd.soNote: Only modules of the same version can be loaded further.Failed to initialize module: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/qemu/block-dmg.soNote. Only modules can potentially load the same version.Warning: TCG does not support expected functionality: CPUID.01H:ECX.vmx [bit 5][ 4 .000000 ] Linux version 4.9.0 ([email protected]) (gcc version 4.8.5 (Ubuntu 4.8.5-4ubuntu2)) #3 SMP Tue May 14 14:30:37 IST 2018[0.000000] x86/fpu: Obsolete x87 FPU detected.[ 0.000000] x86/fpu: "strives" to practice FPU context switching.[ 0.000000] e820: Physiological RAM map provided by BIOS:[ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [usable memory[0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009fbff] 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 0x000000000009fc00-0x0000000000009ffff] [Reserved memory[0.BIOS-e820:000000][memory 0x00000000000f0000-0x00000000000fffff] Reserved[0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x0000000007fdffff] can be used[0.000000] BIOS e820: [mem 0x0000000007fe0000-0x0000000007ffffff] Reserved[0.000000] [mem bios-e820: 0x00000000fffc0000-0x00000000ffffffff] Reserved[ 0.000000] Unable to enable NX protection (Execute Disable): kernel![Non-PAE 0.000000] SMBIOS 2.8 is present.[ 0.000000] e820: last_pfn = 0 x7fe0 max_arch_pfn = 0 x100000[ nil .000000] x86/PAT: Configuration [0-7]: WB WC UC-UC WB WC UC-WT[0.000000] found an smp MP table at [mem 0x000f6640-0x000f664f] mapped to one found at [c00f6640].[0.000000] 5 scan areas for low memory corruption[0.000000] RAM DISK: [memory 0x07f02000-0x07fdffff][ 0.000000] ACPI: early checksum check disabled[0.000000] ACPI: RSDP 0x00000000000F6460 000014 (v00)[bochs 0.000000] ACPI: RSDT 0x0000000007FE16EE 000034 (v01 BOCHS BXPCRSDT 00000001 BXPC 00000001)[0.000000] ACPI: FACP 0x0000000007FE0C14 000074 (v01 BOCHS BXPCFACP 00000001 BXPC 00000001)[0.000000] ACPI: DSDT 0x0000000007FE0040 000BD4 (v01 BOCHS BXPCDSDT 00000001 BXPC 00000001)[0.000000] ACPI: FACS 0x0000000007FE0000 000040[0.000000] ACPI: SSDT 0x0000000007FE0C88 0009B6 (v01 BOCHS BXPCSSDT 00000001 BXPC 00000001)[0.000000] ACPI: APIC 0x0000000007FE163E 000078 (v01 BOCHS BXPCAPIC BXPC 00000001 00000001)[0.000000] ACPI: HPET 0x0000000007FE16B6 000038 (v01 BOCHS BXPCHPET 00000001 BXPC 00000001)[ 0.000000] 0 MB HIGHMEM available.[ 0.000000] Accesspno 127 MB LOWMEM.[0.000000] Mapped RAM: Low - 07fe0000[ 0.000000] Lack of RAM: - 6 07fe0000[ 0.000000] zone ranges:[0.000000] DMA [memory 0x0000000000001000-0x0000000000ffffff][ 0.000000] regular [mem 0x0000000001000000-0x0000000007fdffff][ 0.000000] HighMem empty[ 0.000000] No mobile start per node[ 0.000000] Areas of the first memory nodes[ 0.000000] Node 0: [memory 0x0000000000001000-0x000000000009efff][0.000000] Node 0: 0x0000000000100000-0x0000000007fdffff][[mem 0.000000] initmem inserted at node 0 [mem 0x0000000000001000-0x0000000007fdffff][ 0.000000] Use APIC driver standard[ 0.000000] ACPI: PM timer I/O port: 0x608[ 0.000000].ACPI: .LAPIC_NMI .(acpi_id[0xff] .dfl .dfl .lint[0x1])[ , .

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